Brake Metering Valve
The brake metering valve, similar to the proportioning valve, is used to achieve balanced braking. These valves are often combined, along with the brake warning switch inside of the combination valve. On the front disc and rear drum brake systems, the metering valve delays the front calipers just long enough to overcome the rear brake springs and linkage. This delay produces a balanced application of the front and rear brakes.
Most FWD diagonal based brake systems used in passenger cars do not use a metering valve. Neither do four-wheel disc brake systems; expect to see this valve on front disc, rear drum brake systems. Most of the braking power comes from the front brakes (70% to 80%).
It's located in-line to the front brakes and holds back pressure to the front calipers until enough pressure builds in the system. Rear brake apply pressure builds to a point, (75-125 psi) that forces the valve open allowing pressurized brake fluid to flow to the calipers and then applying the front brakes.
The metering valve has an inlet port from the master cylinder and a port for each of the front calipers. A spring maintains pressure on a sealed port blocking fluid pressure to the front brakes. As pressure builds past spring pressure, the valve stem moves until it reaches a hold-off point. It is at this hold-off point that the brake fluid is allowed to flow freely.
Metering Valve Symptoms
The valve can become stuck open, resulting in a nose dive condition. If the valve sticks, the vehicle losses stopping power because the front brakes are not receiving full pressure.