Driveshaft Runout

Driveshaft companion flange location.

This question reminds us of the many things that can cause a driveline vibration. The driveshaft companion flange connects the driveshaft to the differential pinion gear. If a driveshaft vibration is suspected, inspect the flange for any damage or looseness. Always mark the companion flange to the driveshaft flange before removing the driveshaft. This will insure that the two surfaces are placed back in their original positions.

If there was a vibration during the test drive and the pinion seal is leaking, suspect a bad collapsible spacer. Never back off a collapsible spacer once installed. These spacers can only be used once. That's why it's important to torque this nut in increments. Checking the setting frequently with an inch pound torque wrench.

Check the flange for runout by placing a dial gauge on the flange surface and rotating the flange. Little tolerance is allowed, check for specifications before proceeding.

If the driveshaft is suspected of excessive runout, shut down the engine and make sure the shaft is not rotating. Place a dial gauge at the center and both ends of the driveshaft and turn it with your hand. Check the measurements taken against manufacturer's specifications before replacement. A damaged or bent driveshaft is replaced with a new one.